Sperm is obtained by natural masturbation in case of no male infertility factor in a semen sample room. It then undergoes a series of lab procedures to prepare it for interaction with the egg.
If the treatment involves treating the “male infertility factor”, i.e. those couples where the male cannot produce good quality sperm in the required concentration. Novel techniques are present through which a single sperm is injected into the egg. This procedure is referred to as ICSI (Intra Cytoplasmic Sperm Injection) and can accomplish fertilization with minimal number of viable sperm. ICSI has been one of the scientific accomplishments of the century and has helped millions of infertile couples from across the globe to become parents.
Eggs prepared for Fertilization are kept in dishes to which sperm is added at the proper concentration. The dishes are kept in an incubator where the environment (temperature, humidity, gas composition) is carefully monitored. In given time intervals the eggs are assessed for fertilization, and subsequent divisions.
The fertilized egg divides into two daughter cells, which continue to divide rapidly. This assessment is based on morphology.
Hence the detailed chromosomal composition of the embryoscannot be addressed without further tests.